Kodagu district is the smallest district in Karnataka state. Kodagu the name is derived from Kodimalenad,which means dense forest land on steep hills. Muddu Raja, who ruled over Kodagu
between 1633 and 1687 , at first had his capital at Haleri and later shifted the seat of government to Madikeri, the town which he founded and named after himself as Mudduraja Keri.
Madikeri now continued to be the district headquarters of Kodagu district. In 1947 when India got Independence Kodagu was considered as ‘C’ State. Then in the year 1956,Kodagu was merged to Mysore state.
This district was called as Coorg during British administration and in the year 1977 it was renamed as Kodagu.
Kodagu,the thickly wooded grandeur on the Western Ghats is the most beautiful hill station of Karnataka. Kodagu is full of forests, plantations, orange groves and paddy fields.
Kodagu district lies on the summits and the eastern and western slopes of the Western Ghats. It is situated on the south-west of Karnataka state and lies between North Latitude 110 56’ and 120 50’ and East Longitude 750 22’ and 760 11’.
Its length from North to South is about 96 Kms and breadth from West to East is about 64 Kms. To the North it is bounded by Hassan and Dakshina Kannada District to the east Mysore district, to the west and south Kerala State.
The district is about 4000 feet above sea level. “Thadiyandamol” , “Brahmagiri”, “Pushpagiri” and “Malambi Hill” are some of the important peaks of the district.
The district has a geographical area of 4102 Sq.Kms.
The main river in Kodagu, both in size and in importance, is the Cauvery which takes its birth on the Brahmagiri hills at a place called Talakaveri. The Kannike,another stream, rises nearby and after a short run joins the Cauvery at the foot of the hill near Bhagamandala. It is said that there is another invisible river, Sujyothi, which joins the Cauvery at Bhagamandala. Cauvery with its principal tributaries,the Hemavathi, Lakshmanathirtha, Kakkabe and Harangi or Suvarnavathi flows in an eastern directions and Barapole is the only river which flows towards the west. Besides these, there are many minor streams whose general characteristics are the same and vary only in size depending upon the length of their course. They swell during the rainy season in the early part of June and flow with violent and boisterous rapidity till October, when after the rains, they gradually subside to their normal dimensions.
The normal rainfall of the district is 2717.99 mm. The actual rainfall during 2017 (upto December 31th) is 2221.31 mm. When compared to other taluks, Madikeri taluk received highest rainfall (3140.94 mm)
The total geographical area is 410775 hectares. Out of the total geographical area 33% of the area is forest. In 36% of the area different crops have been grown, 6% of the area is under non-agricultural use, and others are permanent pastures, fallow land.
Coffee and Paddy are main Crops of this District Cardamom, Pepper, Rubber, Ginger and Maize are others crops grown in the District.
Kodagu District consists of 2 Assembly Constituencies and all the Assembly Constituencies come under 21-Mysore Parliamentary Constituency
The Deputy Commissioner, Kodagu District is the District Election Officer of Kodagu with supervision and control over the Election to Assembly Constituency of the District
General Law & Order:
In pursuance of Instructions of Election Commission, the Police Department in the District has taken precautionary measures to unearth illicit Liquor, illegal Arms, etc. Verification of weapon licences in respect of the persons with criminal background is done. The District borders are alerted to check against entry of Liquor, Arms and movement of anti-Social elements. The excise Department has been asked to form Mobile Squads for each Assembly Constituency to check over the manufacture and transportation of illicit liquor.